- Directory Structure
- Source Code Acquisition
- Compilation and Building
- Repositories Involved
The OpenHarmony LiteOS Cortex-A is a new-generation kernel developed based on the Huawei LiteOS kernel. Huawei LiteOS is a lightweight operating system (OS) built for the Internet of Things (IoT) field. With the rapid development of the IoT industry, OpenHarmony LiteOS Cortex-A brings small-sized, low-power, and high-performance experience and builds a unified and open ecosystem for developers. In addition, it provides rich kernel mechanisms, more comprehensive Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), and a unified driver framework, Hardware Driver Foundation (HDF), which offers unified access for device developers and friendly development experience for application developers. Figure 1 shows the architecture of the OpenHarmony LiteOS Cortex-A kernel.
Figure 1 Architecture of the OpenHarmony LiteOS Cortex-A kernel
/kernel/liteos_a ├── apps # User-space init and shell application programs ├── arch # System architecture, such as ARM │ └── arm # Code for ARM architecture ├── bsd # Code of the driver and adaptation layer module related to the FreeBSD, such as the USB module ├── compat # Kernel API compatibility │ └── posix # POSIX APIs ├── drivers # Kernel drivers │ └── char # Character device │ ├── mem # Driver for accessing physical input/output (I/O) devices │ ├── quickstart # APIs for quick start of the system │ ├── random # Driver for random number generators │ └── video # Framework of the framebuffer driver ├── fs # File system module, which mainly derives from the NuttX open-source project │ ├── fat # FAT file system │ ├── jffs2 # JFFS2 file system │ ├── include # Header files exposed externally │ ├── nfs # NFS file system │ ├── proc # proc file system │ ├── ramfs # RAMFS file system │ └── vfs # VFS layer ├── kernel # Kernel modules including the process, memory, and IPC modules │ ├── base # Basic kernel modules including the scheduling and memory modules │ ├── common # Common components used by the kernel │ ├── extended # Extended kernel modules including the dynamic loading, vDSO, and LiteIPC modules │ ├── include # Header files exposed externally │ └── user # Init process loading ├── lib # Kernel library ├── net # Network module, which mainly derives from the lwIP open-source project ├── platform # Code for supporting different systems on a chip (SOCs), such as Hi3516D V300 │ ├── hw # Logic code related to clocks and interrupts │ ├── include # Header files exposed externally │ └── uart # Logic code related to the serial port ├── platform # Code for supporting different systems on a chip (SOCs), such as Hi3516D V300 ├── security # Code related to security features, including process permission management and virtual ID mapping management ├── syscall # System calling └── tools # Building tools as well as related configuration and code
- Programming languages: C and C++
- Applicable development boards: Hi3516D V300
- Hi3516D V300 uses the FAT file system by default.
OpenHarmony LiteOS Cortex-A supports the Hi3516D V300. You can develop and run your applications based on this development board.
You need to set up the compilation environment on Ubuntu.
Source Code Acquisition
Download and decompress a set of source code on a Ubuntu server to acquire the source code.
Compilation and Building
For details about how to develop the first application, see: Developing the First Example Program Running on Hi3516
For compilation, please refer to the compilation instructions.
LiteOS-A Kernel Coding Style Guide