Protocol Buffers - Google's data interchange format

    Copyright 2008 Google Inc.


    Protocol Buffers (a.k.a., protobuf) are Google's language-neutral, platform-neutral, extensible mechanism for serializing structured data. You can find protobuf's documentation on the Google Developers site.

    This README file contains protobuf installation instructions. To install protobuf, you need to install the protocol compiler (used to compile .proto files) and the protobuf runtime for your chosen programming language.

    Protocol Compiler Installation

    The protocol compiler is written in C++. If you are using C++, please follow the C++ Installation Instructions to install protoc along with the C++ runtime.

    For non-C++ users, the simplest way to install the protocol compiler is to download a pre-built binary from our release page:

    In the downloads section of each release, you can find pre-built binaries in zip packages: protoc-$VERSION-$ It contains the protoc binary as well as a set of standard .proto files distributed along with protobuf.

    If you are looking for an old version that is not available in the release page, check out the maven repo here:

    These pre-built binaries are only provided for released versions. If you want to use the github master version at HEAD, or you need to modify protobuf code, or you are using C++, it's recommended to build your own protoc binary from source.

    If you would like to build protoc binary from source, see the C++ Installation Instructions.

    Protobuf Runtime Installation

    Protobuf supports several different programming languages. For each programming language, you can find instructions in the corresponding source directory about how to install protobuf runtime for that specific language:

    Language Source
    C++ (include C++ runtime and protoc) src
    Java java
    Python python
    Objective-C objectivec
    C# csharp
    JavaScript js
    Ruby ruby
    Go protocolbuffers/protobuf-go
    PHP php
    Dart dart-lang/protobuf

    Quick Start

    The best way to learn how to use protobuf is to follow the tutorials in our developer guide:

    If you want to learn from code examples, take a look at the examples in the examples directory.


    The complete documentation for Protocol Buffers is available via the web at:


    Protocol Buffers - Google's data interchange format

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    发行版本 90

    Protocol Buffers v3.19.3


    贡献者 375



    • C++ 31.1 %
    • C# 21.1 %
    • Java 15.4 %
    • Objective-C 9.5 %
    • JavaScript 6.0 %